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Evolution of the Club to Staff

Before I start, I'd like to thank all my loyal TKDT's readers. I am honored to be a 'bridge' from my Chinese art to similarities in the Korean arts This article will focus on a few tidbits on the staff, cane, staff exercises (chi building sensitivity/strength drills,) the dim mak area of the heart and a very powerful ancient legendary five elder herbal list for "heart dit da jow." I learned the Korean terms Than Bong and Ji Pang E from reviewing an instructional video by Grandmaster James S. Benko. His instructional is one of the best. I personally trained with Remy Preses in a seminar in the early 1980's. I wrote a couple of herb articles for Mr. Benko's Martial Magazine. Contact him at P.O. Box 281, Grand Blanc, MI 48439.

Club Statistics from Recorded History

The Encyclopedia Britannica describes a club as:
" primitive weapon, a heavy stick, something with a stone or metal head, used as a hand or throwing weapon and usually shaped or selected with an outer end wider and heavier than its handle. Among primitive groups, special designs of ten characterize particular tribes. Medieval European bishops denied the use of the sword, were allowed to enter battle with a mace, or an iron or steel club designed for splitting armor. Police continue to employ narrow clubs known as truncheons, nightsticks, or billies in controlling prisoners and crowds. These are sometimes made with lead cores."
We can easily conjure up images of our ancestors a million years ago based on science, religion and philosophy tinged with a healthy dose of our own imaginations. I like a paragraph in The Urantia Book that puts it this way:
" In your mind's eye conjure up a picture of cave dwelling times…a short, misshapen, filthy, snarling hulk of a man standing, legs spread, club upraised, breathing hate and animosity as he looks fiercely just ahead. Such a picture hardly depicts the divine dignity of man. But allow us to enlarge the picture. In front of this animated human crouches a saber-toothed tiger. Behind him, a woman and two children. Immediately you recognize that such a picture stands for the beginnings of much that is fine and noble in the human race, but the man is the same in both pictures. Only in the second sketch you are favored with a widened horizon. You therein discern the motivation of this evolving mortal. His attitude becomes praiseworthy because you understand him. If you could only fathom the motives of your associates, how much better you would understand them."
Some cultures hid objects in the staff, stick or club. Remember, warrior shaman once thought milk of a black cow was highly magical; so also were black cats. The staff or wand was magical along with drums, bells and knots. All ancient objects were magical charms.

The Example of Fiji

The nature of warfare in Fiji led to the production of great numbers of wooden clubs, which were the principle weapons. At least 10 types were made, each with several sub-types Many used inlaid whale ivory for decoration and metaphysical properties. Samoa shared a few club types with Fiji but is more notable for its spears with graceful, elaborate barbs. Maori tribes had their "god sticks," (rods with heads at the upper end.) Weapons included a range of short hand-club types, in wood, nephrite or whalebone. Some had human figures carved in relief near the grip, (overall engraving of the blade was a late development. Staff clubs had ends carved as faces with sharp protruding tongues. Chiefs owned carved adzes with fine nephrite blades as insignia of status. Lavish relief carving covers the entire surface of small flutes. We have staff vs. other weapons, single and double flute forms and flute against other weapons including staff and saber. In total, we have over 100 weapons forms in the 18 Daoist Palms System.

Pastoral Staff

The traditional pastoral staff is also known as a Crozier. It has a curved top that is a symbol of the Good Shepard and is carried by bishops of the Roman Catholics, Anglican, and some European Lutheran churches and by abbots and abbesses as an insignia of their ecclesiastical office and, in former times, of temporal power. It is made of metal or carved wood and is often very ornate. Possibly derived from the ordinary walking stick, it was first mentioned as a sign of a bishop's ruling power in 633 at the fourth council of Toledo. French bishops adopted it in the late 8th century, and it was gradually adopted throughout Christendom. Originally a staff with a cross, sphere, or tau cross on top, it acquired its present form from the 13th century.

Our 18 Daoist Palms' White Tiger 'Scholar's Flute Form,' is an amazing form. I did some research on the French cane. I have an Irish and African cane and a short Chinese wax wood staff. The French art of self-defense with the walking stick developed during the 1500's. In cane fencing unlike single stick, the thrust was as important as the cut. Cane fencing approached saber fencing. The cuts were given after one or more rapid preliminary flourishes, or molinets (French: "twirls"), which served to confuse an assailant. The thrusts were similar to those in foil fencing but often carried out with both hands grasping the stick, giving greater force and enabling the cane to be used at very close quarters. French canes were made of tough wood; about three feet long, without a hand guard, and tapered toward the point. In practice matches, masks, gloves, padded vests and shin guards were worn.

Hay Gung: The original method of preparing the body for club attacks

This hay gung exercise with meditative movement was originally developed by the monks to be impenetrable to knife, sword, and club attacks. It could be likened to a type of iron body form, albeit the emphasis is more relaxed and placed on a slowed down breathing of long inhales and long exhales that correlate exactly to breathing patterns that would be used in actual one to four move combat. For instance, in Tai Chi Chuan the breathing is slow, but not as slow as moving meditation and chi kung. A general principle in combat application of breath is to exhale during the block or strike and inhale during transition. To the contrary, in moving meditation or even Tai Chi Chuan done slow; you may breath in and out a few times or more during the transition or strike. The reason for this is varies from having more time to imagine applications, greater 'feeling' of the chi, and more time to kinematically focus etcetera. On the other hand iron body and hay kung tend to utilize the breathing as it would in a real fight, albeit long and slow breaths. You could liken this to what the late 'Charles Atlas' termed resistance strength building. This is a crude analogy but nevertheless gives you an idea of what I am trying to get across. In time the practitioner of this form will be able to project greater chi from the palm. This form nowadays is used to heal from within. Look at it as a 'compliment,' to your staff and short stick training. It remains a 'legendary' (no values claimed) alternative type of medicine for curing diabetes, heart problems and cancer. It is usually practiced about five minutes a day. The knees need to be slightly curled or bent and the tongue should be on the roof of the mouth. Again, Tai Chi Chuan is a type of moving meditation for hay gung, but this is not Tai Chi Chuan, albeit it has the same effect.

Slow down the body to get to the head

Without making this article too long, let me just focus on one 'point' that is near the heart. I will expose this point, because it is very easy to hit, and if hit just right could be fatal. Our system deals with 60 upper body dim mak points. I chose a point near the heart for the sake of this article. The heart is a very metaphysically significant area. From a 'communication' point of view, it is where we all 'come together.' Let us look at a few facts about this important organ.
  1. The entire blood system is estimated at 62,100 miles.
  2. There are 12 pints of blood in an adult male and 9 in an adult female.
  3. 5 - 10% of the body's total energy is used to keep the heart beating.
  4. 5 - 7.5 gallons of blood are pumped per minute during strenuous exercise.
  5. A heart contracts 2.5 billion times during the average lifetime.
  6. The heart pumps 3.1 billion gallons of blood over a lifespan of 75 years.
  7. 46 of the world's largest oil tankers could be filled with blood pumped by the human heart in a normal lifetime.
  8. There are about a billion red blood cells in 2 - 3 drops of blood.
  9. 300 million cells die each minute. Two percent of blood cells die each day and are replaced.
*If hit by a stick and a bone is broken, remember, it takes 7 years for bone cells to be entirely replaced in the skeleton. Our bodies enlarge 20 times from birth to adulthood.

This is a very special formula that I am sharing with my loyal Tae Kwon Do Times readers. In most all tournament sparring, in almost any contact sport and even everyday accidents the heart area is a vulnerable target. The heart is approximately the size of a fist. There are many dim mak areas near the heart. One of the most vulnerable areas is directly above where the heart sits in the chest. The heart has a reset time of approximately 1/100th of a second. If hit at the exact time just before this reset, death can occur. If the timing is off by a millisecond, or if the strike is off the mark, too strong or to weak, the result of death is less likely.

There have been instances where a perfectly timed strike just above the heart during this "reset" period has caused the heart to electrically divorce itself from the rest of the body's electrical system. The result is the heart fillibrates or "quivers" uselessly until death within minutes.

In ancient times, paramedics did not exist with heart electrical "jumpers" to save the heart. In ancient times according to the legend passed down orally, the monks would have this heart jow pre-made in advance for just such an emergency. Tui Na (Chinese massage) was administered to the heart and lung areas as a means to get the bioelectric connection returned to normal.

Mix the ingredients in a half-gallon of vodka or gin and let set for a year. Six weeks is ok, but a year or more is better. Learn shiatsu and other types of authentic massage techniques that apply to the heart and lung areas. Have some handy in the kwoon. Take some with you to tournaments.

Remember this formula is passed to you for historical purposes only. We claim no medical value. Always consult your Western and Oriental Eastern doctors and a qualified licensed Chinese herbalist for contraindications and side effects.

I like to rub some on my heart area to strengthen the heart and lung areas. I feel the chi immediately. In training for the fire palm, certain rare formulas different from this were used. For instance with the fire palm, jow is applied all over the body to keep the body cool, along with special soups and tonics. This was so that the body would not self-combust. Due to space limitations, I will merely list the ingredients and their weights as well as the page number they appear in Bensky's Chinese Herbal Materia Medica (revised edition.) The expensive ingredient in this formula is bezoar or (cow gall stones.) Using high-grade saffron at $300 an ounce will also raise the price considerably. The formula I am listing cost me $150 to fill. Non-kosher ingredients can be substituted! Call me at (619) 766-9256 if you have any questions or cannot get the formula filled.

Heart Formula External Liniment Breakdowns

  1. Radix Rehmanniae Glutinosae - sukchihwang 2.8 oz. pg. 327.
    • English: Chinese Foxglove Root, often cooked in wine, rehamannia (cooked.) Literal English Translation "cooked earth yellow."
    • Channels Entered: Heart
    • Actions: Palpitation, Tonifies the blood.
    • Research: Treatment of hypertension (two week study.) Decreased blood pressure, improved blood cerebral blood flow and the ECG. Also lowered serum cholesterol.
  2. Buthus Martensi - chonhol .7 oz. pg. 427.
    • English: Scorpion
    • Action: Extinguishes wind, stops tremors and convultions. Used for seizures. Unblocks the collaterals and stops painful obstruction. Whole body is used for convulsions and hemiplegia. Good quality is whole, clean and yellow brown.
    • Major known ingredient: lecithin
  3. Sanguis Draconis - hyolgal 1.4 oz. Pg. 288
    • English: Dragon's Blood
    • Literal English: "Exhausted Blood."
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Invigorates the blood and alleviates pain. Used for falls, fractures, contusions and sprains, as well as pain from blood stasis patterns from other causes.
  4. Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae - panha .9 oz. pg. 190
    • English: Pinellia Rhizoma.
    • Literal English: "Half Summer."
    • Action: Dissipates distention in the chest.
    • Major known ingredient: Nicotine.
  5. Scolopendra Subspinipes - ogong .5 oz. (Centipede ) pg. 428
    • English: Centipede, Scolopendra.
    • Action: Extinguishes wind and stops tremors, spasms and convulsions. Good quality is intact, large and clean with a red head, reddish brown legs and very dark green body.
    • Major known ingredient: Includes a histamine-like substance.
  6. Fructus Gardeniae Jasminoidus - ch'icha 2.5 oz. pg. 57
    • English: Cape Jasmine Fruit, Gardenia.
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Used for stifling sensation in the chest, reduces swelling and moves blood stasis due to trauma. Helps central nervous system relaxation of musculature and helps cardiovascular by lowering blood pressure.
  7. Calculus Bovis ( Bezoar) - uhwang .2 oz. - pg.. 416
    • English: Cattle Gallstone, Bezoar. Literal English: "Cattle Yellow."
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Clears the heart, opens orifices, and awakens the spirit. Used for convulsions and seizures.
    • Major Known Ingredients: Sodium, Magnesium, Calcium, Phosphates, Iron, Carotene, Amino Acids and Vitamin D.
  8. Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii - kanghwal .8 oz. pg.. 33
    • English: Notopterygium Root, Chiang-huo.
    • Action: Relieves body aches and pains.
  9. Rhizoma Coptidis - hwangnyon .7 oz. pg. 77
    • English: Coptis Rhizome.
    • Literal English: "Yellow Links."
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Clears heat and dry dampness. For disorientation, delirium and a rapid and full pulse. Also lowers blood pressure.
  10. Radix Scutellariae Baicalensis - hwanggum .6 oz. pg.. 75
    • English: Baical Skullcap Root; Scutellaria, Scute.
    • Action: Clears heat and dry dampness. Has an anti-hypertensive effect due to vasodilation.
    • From modern biomedical perspective: Anti-inflammatory used for stifling sensation in the chest. Also sedates and lowers blood pressure.
    • Major Known Ingredient: Benzoic acid.
  11. Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae - osuyu 1.1 oz. pg. 303
    • English: Evodia Fruit.
    • Action: Warms interior and expels cold. Used in hypertension.
  12. Gummi Olibanum - yuhyang 1.6 oz. pg. 282
    • English: Frankincense.
    • Literal English: "Fragrant Milk."
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Invigorates blood and promotes the movement of qi. Good for chest pain and blood stasis. Relaxes sinews, invigorates channels, and reduces swelling.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Good for chest pain when mixed with ru xiang, mo yao and other herbs that break up blood stasis.
  13. Flos Carthami Tinctorii - honghwa .9 oz. pg. 279
    • English: Safflower Flower, Cathamus. Siberian or Saffron from Tibet is considered highest quality and is worth about $300 per oz.
    • Literal English: "Red Flower."
    • Action: Invigorates the blood and unblocks blood stasis. Alleviates pain.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Used in treatment of coronary artery disease. Invigorates the blood and promotes movement of qi. Improvement in ECG and many patients were able to stop taking nitro glycerin on a regular basis.
  14. Tuber Curcumae - ukkum 1.2 oz. pg. 271
    • English: Turmeric Tuber, Curcuma.
    • Literal English: "Constrained Metal."
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Invigorates the blood and breaks up blood stasis. Used for pain related to traumatic injury. Clears the heart and cools the blood. Used for obstruction of heart orifices in symptoms such as anxiety, agitation, seizures and mental derangement.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: This herb led to reduction in plaque in the aortas and coronary arteries of rabbits and white rats.
  15. Phellodendri, Cortex - hwangbaek .8 oz. pg. 80
    • English: Amur Cork-Tree Bark, Phellodendron.
    • Literal English: "Yellow Fir."
    • Major Known Ingredient: Berberine (antibiotic effect.)
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Has a marked and prolonged blood pressure lowering effect in anesthetized animals. Studies support central nervous system effect in mice by decreased movement and reflexes.
  16. Rhizoma Alismatis Orientalitis - t'aeksa 1.3 oz. pg. 145
    • English: Water Plantain Rhizome, Alisma.
    • Literal English: "Marsh Drain."
    • Action: Drains dampness.
    • Major Known Ingredient: Asperagine.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Lowered blood pressure in dogs.
  17. Radix Cyathulae Officinalis - okpulyuhaeng 1.4 oz. pg. 285 (Addendum of Niu Xi)
    • English: "Sichuan Ox Knee."
    • Action: Invigorates the channels and blood.
  18. Squama Manitis Pentadactylae - ch'onsan'gap .7 oz. pg. 291
    • English: Pangolin Scales, Anteater Scales.
    • Literal English: "Penetrate Mountain Scales."
    • Action: Invigorates the blood.
  19. Fructus Forsythiae suspensae - yon'gyo .8 oz. pg. 86
    • English: Forsythia Fruit.
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Invigorates the blood.
  20. Radix Notoginseng - samch'il 1.3 oz. pg. 251
    • English: Notoginseng Root or Pseudoginseng Root.
    • Literal English: "Three Seven."
    • Action: Stops bleeding and transformes blood stasis. Used for chest pain, Reduces swelling. Herb of choice for traumatic injury.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Its cardiovascular effect raised coronary blood flow and reduced blood pressure. Its use in cardiology relieved pain in angina pectoris. Helped patients taper off of nitroglycerin therapy. Improved blood pressure in hypertension and produced mild improvement in the ECG. Reduces cholesterol.
  21. Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae - kyechi 1.1 oz. pg. 29
    • English: [Saigon] Cinnamon Twig, Cassia Twig.
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Warm acrid herb that releases the interior. Adjusts nutritive and protective qi levels. Unblocks the yang and transforms the qi. Warms and facilitates the flow of yang qi in the chest. For palpitations due to the flow of yang qi in the chest due to stagnation or deficiency.
  22. Radix et Rhizoma Rhei - taehwang 1.7 oz. pg. 115
    • English: Rhubarb Root and Rhizome.
    • Literal English: "Big Yellow.
    • Enters: Heart Channel.
    • Action: Downward draining herb, (purgative.) For blood stasis due to traumatic injury.
    • Pharmacological and Clinical Research: Cardiovascular effect of da huang given to anesthetized dogs, lowered their blood pressure. Small doses stimulated the hearts of frogs, while larger doses inhibited them.
  23. Nartrium Sulfuricum ( Mirabilitum ) - mangch'o 1.4 oz. pg.. 117
    • English: Mirabilite, Glauber's Salt.
    • Action: Purgative.
    • Major Known Ingredients: Sodium Sulfate; Also contains impurities such as salt, calcium sulfate and magnesium sulfate.
I meditate with rose quartz to strengthen my heart 'metaphysically,' a reflectivity tool. Rose quartz reminds us that the only lasting lesson is love. We have already learned it. In meditation we can open to this truth. To quote my good friend S. G. McKeever in his book "Learn To Meditate," … "Anahata, the heart center, is situated in the region of the physical heart but is aligned in the center of the chest and has twelve petals of a bright golden color. The sense of touch, the element air and the antelope are related to this center. The antelope, the vehicle for the Vedic God of Winds, is noted for its swiftness and lightness of physical substance. The mantra here is YAM. The vital breath is prana. The heart center is related to perpetual motion and is said to be the seat of the individual soul. An individual with mastery over this center experiences the bliss of oneness with all of existence and is able to merge into the vastness of life. In the heart one transcends time and space and can travel anywhere in the subtle body." Thorwald Dethlefsen & Rudiger Dahlke MD, in their book The Healing Power Of Illness mention these metaphysical principles around 'heart' conditions:
"1. Are my head and heart, my intellect and feelings in harmonious balance?
2. Am I giving enough scope to my feelings and trusting myself to express them?
3. Am I living and loving 'heartily', or only 'half-heartedly?
3. Is my life borne along by a living rhythm, or am I subjecting it to a regular, rigid measure?
4. Does my life still contain enough combustible materials and explosives?
5. Am I listening to my heart?"

Phone: (619) 766 - 9256
Mew Hing Productions
42499 Old Hwy. 80
P.O. Box 427
Jacumba, CA. 91934-0427
E-mail: MewHing@earthlink.net

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